Lahore

Lahore is the capital of the Punjab province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. The city lies along the Ravi River, situated approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the Wagah border crossing and is 55 kilometres (34 mi) from the Indian city of Amritsar.

Historically, the limits of Lahore city have been up till the eastern banks of River Ravi, Shahdara & adjoining areas like Sheikhupura has never been a part of Lahore as claimed by many. Lahore has been a center of cultural heritage for many civilizations. It successively served as regional capital of the empires of the Shahi kingdoms in the 11th century, the Ghaznavids in the 12th century, the Ghurid State in the 12th and 13th century, the Mughal Empire in the 16th century, the Sikh expansion in the early 19th century, and it was the capital of the Punjab region under the British Raj in the mid 19th and early 20th century. The traditional capital of Punjab for a thousand years, Lahore was the cultural center of the northern part of the subcontinent which extends from the eastern banks of the Indus River to New Delhi. Mughal structures such as the Badshahi Mosque, the Lahore Fort, Shalimar Gardens, and the mausolea of Jehangir and Nur Jehan are popular tourist attractions for the city. Lahore is also home to many British colonial structures built in the Mughal-Gothic style, such as the Lahore High Court, the General Post Office, Lahore Museum and many older universities including the University of the Punjab. The Lahore Zoo, thought to be the third or fourth oldest zoo in the world,is also situated here.

Lahore is also referred to as the cultural heart of Punjab as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, film making, music, gardening and intelligentsia of the country. Lahore is also known for its affiliation with poets and artists; it has the largest number of educational institutions in Punjab and some of the finest gardens in the continent. Lahore has always been a centre for publications, where 80 percent of Punjab's books are published. It remains the centre of literary, educational and cultural activity in Punjab.It is also an important religious center as it is a home to many temples, mosques and shrines like Data Durbar.

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TitleValue
Area (sq km) 
Growth rate2.79
HH Size7.2
Pop Density/Sq KM 
Population 19982053734
Projected Population 20102857291.74

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