The city is characterized as a major center rendering a variety of services and considered as administrative and service center. The beneficiaries of these services originate not only from within the district but from the entire Sindh province. It is performing high order functions in health and education sectors and has a significant number of institutions which make the city an important one for its neighboring cities, districts and talukas. It also has many recreational spaces but are ill maintained. 
According to the census report of 1998, the city covers an area of 7,423 sq Km. with a population of 1,927,066. 
The structure of the city is like that the Rice Canal and the railway line divide the city into 3 parts. 15 regional roads come into the city, connecting to the other neighboring cities/talukas/districts. Their presence shows the regional significance of the city. These are used for inter-city as well as intra-city traffic. The ring road of the city was built with the aim to allow the bypassing traffic to not come into the city and is an important characteristic of the city. The transportation system of Larkana comprises of road, rail and air of which rail and air are used exclusively for intra-city movement. The airport used for intra-city movement is located about 25 km away from the city at Mohenjo-Daro and is called the Mohenjo-Daro Airport. The railway station on the other hand is situated in the city center and at some point used to be the main gateway to the city. 
The total built up area of the city has increased by almost 10 times over the span of a decade and a half. There has been a substantial increase in the residential landuse area in the city, from 63 
percent in 1985 to an estimated 93 percent of the total landuse area of the city. Another important change is the increase in the area of the commercial landuse of the city from 41 acres to 153 acres. According to the 1985 Outline Development Planning Report, there are about 14,600 dwelling units for 141,000 populations consisting of 17,047 households in Larkana. The average household size is 8.3. The 1998 census survey by comparison shows an increase in number of dwelling units by 313,463 accommodating 69,533 households, making the average household size to be about 6.3 There are 20 katchi abadis, illegally and irregularly formed low income settlements in Larkana city of which 7 have been notified and part of areas of 2 are notified. 11 remain un-notified. These katchi abadis are spread over an area of 396 acres, including about 4090 housing units and housing a population of about 45201 according to 1985 survey. 


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City Profile

Area (sq km)549
Growth rate4.69
HH Size7.29
Pop Density/Sq KM849.6
Population 1998270283
Projected Population 2010468469.29

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